Yoga Therapy is not the aim of Yoga philosophy, but the most pressing health problems around the globe are effectively managed and prevented by the applications of the Yoga practice. This has been contributing a lot for the global health care system in the prevention of lifestyle and psychosomatic diseases. Yoga Teacher Training Curriculum focus on the health benefits on the basis of the theories of therapeutical applications.
Yoga therapy is adopting the practices and principles of Yoga, including lifestyle, food habits and even the supplements of food which are presented as ‘Pathya’ Or ‘Diet’ to an individual suffering from an ailments.
Basis of Yoga therapy
The therapeutical analysis and the applications of the principles and practices are governed by the following three theories. They help in the precise understanding of the problems or abnormal working conditions are revealed through these concepts and the restoration of the health is possible with relevant yogic practices.
Pancha Kosha Theory
Pancha kosha theory is found in the Taittariya Upanishad which says that the body and mind are made up of five sheaths covering the self one above the other. This is one of the best concepts of holistic health.
The five sheaths are,
- Physical sheath
- Vital sheath
- Mental sheath
- Intellectual sheath
- Bliss ful sheath
Among five sheaths, Physical body is the grossest and Blissful sheath is subtlest. Happiness is the core of the human being and is abundant in nature. Productive personality is composed of the willpower, the power of knowledge and the power of action, any imbalance in the five sheath are reflected in the form of diseases or disorders and they are rectified with principles and practices of Yoga
Ayurveda and Yoga Teacher Training in India brings the relevant applications for the balance of the three body humors, According to Ayurveda, the human body is composed of three fundamental elements called doshas, dhatus and malas. The doshas govern the physio-chemical and physiological activities of the body, while dhatus enter into the formation of the basic structure of a body cell, thereby performing some specific actions. The malas are substances, which are partly utilized in the body and partly excreted, in a modified form after performing their physiological functions. These three elements should be in a dynamic equilibrium with each other for the maintenance of health. Vayu (vata), Pitta and Kapha are three doshas, if they are normal they sustain the body, if they are abnormal they destroys the body. Vata, pitta and kapha are the functional constituents of the body. Vata is the mechanical functional constituent of the body. Pitta is the chemical functional constituent of the body. Kapha is the material functional constituent of the body. Any imbalance of their relative predominance in the body results in disease.
Theory of Right knowledge of Sankhya Philosophy
Samkhya philosophy is the theory of yoga practice. This is the great contribution for the physics and metaphysics. It is the study of the right knowledge. The interactions in the micro and macro cosm are explained with the help of cause and effect theory through the doctrine of the pre existing effect in cause. It is an useful application for the assessment of the problems and the applications of relevant yoga practices for the corrections or the rectifications of the disorders. Sense organs and motor organs are linked with Five great elements, through the mind field . Samkhya theory recognizes any changes or imbalance in the subtle entities like mind, Ego and intellect Which affects the gross structure(body) and vice versa. For example, any disease in the physical body is related to sensory and motor organs. In order to rectify the disorder, function of the related sensory and motor organ is restored. They are also related to the elements. The proper and analysis of the elements will help in understanding the underlying cause of the disturbance. The sense and motor organs as well as the elements are interrelated for the smooth functioning of the harmony o the mind and body.
The practice of yoga therapy is holistic approach and it is sustainable and eco friendly and well accepted system in the society. It is advised to find the these applications under the guidance of the competent yoga teacher or therapist.