The mention of “Chitta Prasadanam” which literally means Calm mind is in the patanjali Yoga Sutra 1.33. It goes like “Maitri Karuna Muditopekshanam Sukh Dukh Punya Apunya Vishyanayam Bhavanatas Chitta Prasadanam”. The meaning of the Sutra is that when you have a positive attitude towards happy and unhappy people, affected only by the virtues and do not even think about the negatives, it guides your mind towards calmness and peace. Meditation which is a part of Yoga curriculum in the 200 Hour Yoga Teacher Training Course takes cue from this sutra, because without a calm mind meditation is impossible.
The four Attitudes and Emotions
Patanjali Yoga Sutra 1.33 says that there are two types of “Karmas” viz. “Punya” i.e. “Right Karma” and “Apunya” i.e. “Wrong karma” and two types of emotions viz. “Dukh” and “Sukh” i.e. “unhappy” and “happy” which define every kind of human being. The sutra also says that every kind of human being can be approached and corrected. Hence, a virtuous person and a wicked person both have the emotions of happy and unhappy. This means that there is god in everyone and you should befriend the good.
The Way to Unlock the Goodness
Happiness to be celebrated – People generally get jealous of other people’s happiness, and try to negate that with unkind words or hostile attitude. This only brings pain and the person doing it experiences the pain and suffering first hand. So, the happiness around should be celebrated and cherished. If you are happy for others happiness, the happiness will come to you.
Compassion for Pain and Suffering – Overlooking the pain and going your own way is not the right thing to do. Taking pleasure in others suffering is also taking you towards disaster. The right thing to do is to have compassion and help people in distress and make their distress disappear.
Promoting Righteousness – When you meet people who are truthful and virtuous try and imbibe the things that make him/her virtuous. Happiness and calmness will pour into your life.
Having a positive attitude towards bad– Most of the people in today’s’ world are doing wicked things to keep “Power”, “Money” or even “Relationships”. We as practitioners of yoga should not hate them. Rather we should guide these people towards goodness. This is the only way to remove the bad. Once this attitude is built calmness will automatically come into your mind.
These four things are the attitudes one should have always, and not only during meditation. Building these attitudes takes time and cultivation. We as humans have the choice to be happy and neutral towards every kind of feeling, and are the way to attain “Dhyaan” the higher state of mind and Meditation.