Yoga Philosophy: Patanjala Yoga Sutras


The word philosophy is derived from Greek word which means the love of learning or the love of wisdom .The study of the philosophy helps in understanding of the reality in totality. It has contributed a lot for the field of metaphysics too.

Yoga Philosophy is the one of the six classical systems of orthodox category.  It has been referred in many of the ancient literature such as Vedas and Upanishads. The major development took place during the sutra period in which enormous amount of the literature on the subject was documented by the sage Maharshi Patanjali around 200 BC known as Patanjala Yoga Sutras.

Sutra is compact teaching of the subject in few words with an essential meaning and having no doubts or ambiguity in it.

The Yoga philosophy of sage Patanjalai is the authentic text on the principles and practices of yoga in 196 sutras. The vast subject of Yoga is being condensed in a scholarly manner with clear focus on the goal of the practice and the tools to attain it.

There are four chapters in the Yoga Philosophy. The first chapter is known as Samadhi Pada or the Unit on concentration which precisely explains the nature of our mind and mental medications. It also explains the factors which trouble the serenity of our mind and their impacts on our psychosomatic health. The final part of the chapter discusses on the nature of the concentration.

The second chapter which is called as Sadhana Pada or  Practices explains the synopsis of the Klesha or Afflictions in its first part. Patanjali brings the teachings of Samkhya Philosophy and describes the sources of miseries of the human beings which rooted in Ignorance. Remaining Part of the chapter provides the systematic approach on the practices and principles of eight limbs of Yoga. The essence of this study and practice will help in overcoming the impurities of the mind body and provides enlightenment to the practitioner of Yoga.

The Third chapter known as Vibhuti Pada explains on the nature of the results which are being achieved on account of the successful practice of the teachings of Yoga .The nature of Liberation has been discussed in the fourth chapter which is known as Kaivalya Pada.

For an earnest seeker in the path Yoga, it will be very important and essential to study this text which enables to see the true meaning and significance of the Yoga for the attainment of the healthy and happy life which is being enriched with enormous amount of harmony.